Sexual essentialism and sex offenders

Biologically speaking men would be most successful in passing more of their genes to the next generation by mating with as many women as they can, minimizing their investment in any individual woman. In this paper we test the question whether exposure to different scientific theories for sexual behavior specifically, theories that draw on evolutionary-genetic and social-constructivist perspectives lead men to evaluate and punish sexual perpetrators differently. The effect of the experimental manipulation was strongest among children who showed the least sophisticated classification skills, suggesting that the effects of highlighting gender are stronger among children who have difficulty understanding that there are many possible ways to categorize a given individual. We report results that include these two participants; effect sizes and statistical significance remain virtually unchanged if suspicious participants are excluded from analyses.

Sexual essentialism and sex offenders


A number of researchers have examined the implications of essentialist beliefs by examining the reasoning processes of individuals who hold beliefs that are consistent versus inconsistent with psychological essentialism. Haslam, Levy Essentialist beliefs about homosexuality: Social forces shape math attitudes and performance. This is part of how the gender binary works. For example, the presence of clear dichotomies may promote essentialist thinking. In one condition, the article presented an evolutionary explanation based on differential parental investment for sex differences in mate selection strategies and sexual behavior. She writes about a range of topics including transgender issues, abortion access, and media representation. Two examples are below: No one said feminism was easy. American Psychological Association; Cultural diversity, contextualism and feminist psychology. However, for people including most laypeople who are unconstrained by a positivist tradition, social-constructivist theories often provide appealing explanations for sex differences in sexual behavior. For example, one should be skeptical of claims that the potential of specific individuals or groups of people is limited, because it is simply not possible to determine in advance what an individual is capable of accomplishing in all possible environments. Another issue worth considering in the scientific investigation of gender and development is the extent to which social scientists should be concerned about the possibly negative effects that study results might have on people who learn about them see Hacking, ; Scarr, Moreover, there may be aspects of nonessentialist thinking that young children tend to gravitate toward. These results have implications, for journalists, educators, and scientists. Improving the academic performance of college freshmen: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. As noted previously, one instance in which essentialist reasoning is generally absent is when children are asked to reason about gender stability or constancy. Find articles by Gail D. And I have never had my experience validated before in anything I have heard. Biologically speaking men would be most successful in passing more of their genes to the next generation by mating with as many women as they can, minimizing their investment in any individual woman. The protagonists attracted less sympathy, and were assigned more severe punishment see also Phelan, An attributional analysis of maternal beliefs about the importance of child-rearing practices. As a result, girls may miss out on the skill development and interpersonal experience that is likely to result from this kind of play see Pellegrini, Gjerde argued that essentialist arguments made by social psychologists promote a disregard for heterogeneity, agency, and individuality.

Sexual essentialism and sex offenders

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Female sex offenders: A growing threat?





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3 Replies to “Sexual essentialism and sex offenders”

  1. Gender and group process: For example, when individuals think that gender roles reflect natural tendencies, they are unlikely to consider possibilities outside these roles; such effortful examination of possibilities is a critical component of identity formation Marcia, , in large part because it plays an important role in education- and occupation-relevant decisions Eccles,

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